The region of Umbria is mostly hilly with altitudes between 300 and 500 meters above the sea level. The eastern area is more mountainous than the western side. In fact, along the border with the Marche, there are the spectacular peaks of the Umbria-Marche Apennines. The highest peak in the region is located along this side, and is the Monte Vettore with its 2,478 meters of altitude. Other major peaks are Mount Subasio near Assisi, Mount Nerone, near Città di Castello, all above 1,500 meters. Another mountain height range is about 1,000 meters, and includes the Martani Mountains, located north of Terni. The Monte Peglia (near Orvieto) is another important peak of Umbria. It’s recently declared a MAB Unesco natural reserve.
The main rivers are the Tiber, that crosses Umbria from north to south. This river also has several dams that generate artificial lakes such as the Corbara lake (between Todi and Orvieto) and further south the WWF Oasis of Alviano. Other important rivers are the Nera and Velino, not far from Terni: the Velino jumps into the Nera river (artificial water jump created by the Romans), giving life to the beautiful waterfall Marmore which with its 168 vertical meters is the highest waterfall in Europe. The main lake by extension is Lake Trasimeno, located west of Perugia, the main city of the region, with the largest number of inhabitants. Other major cities are Terni, Spoleto and Citta di Castello. Other lakes are Piediluco and San Liberato near Terni and Corbara, immersed in the Tiber River Park.
In Umbria, parks and green spaces abound: the biggest one is the Monti Sibillini park, with an area of several thousand acres.
Inside this area is also the charming and unique village of Castelluccio di Norcia, also called “the roof of Umbria“, with its 1,492 meters of altitude. Other attractions are the parks of Mount Cucco near Gubbio and Città di Castello, the one of Colfiorito, the Tiber River Park, near Todi and Orvieto and the Lake Trasimeno Park. The main agricultural resources are linked to the production of olive trees (olive oil), vineyards (wine), tobacco and cereal grain.