Umbria is an italian underrated region. See below top destinations and suggestions about what to see.
Orvieto – Leaning on a rock of volcanic origin, the city of Orvieto is a gem that hides treasures of inestimable value. Best known for its splendid Duomo (started in the Thirteenth century), the city offers many other attractions, such as the Torre del Moro, the wells of St. Patrick and della Cava, the Palazzo del Capitano del Popolo and the fortress of Albornoz. Orvieto, however, is not just made of monuments. Much of its charm is due to its traditional urbanism, characterized by narrow alleys and complex innumerable historic buildings and churches. Among these, of great interest are: the church of St Juvenal, the church of San Domenico, the Church of St. Francis and the of St. Andrew church.
Etruscan Orvieto – History is palpable even below the cliff, close to Orvieto. Etruscan tombs (locaded mainly in two cemeteries, one of Cannicella and the most famous of the Crocefisso del Tufo) are the witness of a past civilization firmly rooted in this territory. Another archaeological attraction outside the city is the ruins of the Etruscan temple, called the “Belvedere”.
In the Orvieto museums you can admire a large number of Etruscan pottery, jewelry, objects of daily use and several paintings. Major excavations still today continue at the bottom of the cliff, in the area of the fairground, where according to some eminent archaeologists would be hidden the famous underground Fanum Voltumnae (the center of the Etruscan religion, the true Mecca of the twelve main Etruscan cities).
Perugia – The city stands in the center of the region, with its 5 historic districts enclosed by Etruscan walls, enormous bastions formed by gigantic boulders, square and put together twenty-two centuries ago. They are still visible and almost intact. There are numerous historical monuments and squares that this city embodies, like Piazza Grande (Piazza IV Novembre) a superb monument complex that includes the Palazzo dei Priori, the Cathedral, and Fontana Maggiore, a Thirteenth Century fountain located in downtown Perugia. At the opposite end of Corso Vannucci you’ll find famous panoramic gardens which were built on the foundations of the Rocca Paolina, a fortress built by Pope Paul III in 1540.
The ascents and stairways are usually quite steep, both dating back to the remotest ages and redesigned in more recent times.
Trasimeno Lake – Not far from Perugia you can enjoy the panorama of Lake Trasimeno. Surrounded on three sides by rolling hills, this is an extraordinary location to visit. Its beaches, hotels, restaurants and hotels make it one of the best equipped areas of Perugia. Major villages around the lake are Tuoro sul Trasimeno, Magione, Passignano and Castiglione del Lago with the beautiful Leone fortress. The Trasimeno lake also boasts a major historical heritage, in fact in these areas are found traces of the famous ancient battle between Hannibal and the Romans.
Assisi – Laying on a Mount Subasio side, everything in this small town talks about Saint Francesco. The shocking Basilica, also famous for Giotto’s frescos, is at the top of a charming hill, facing the whole Perugia valley. Just outside the centre you can find interesting roman ruins.
A gentle, quiet atmosphere reigns in this town, it was an umbrian town then conquered by the romans and later devastated during the barbarian invasions. Several Roman ruins are still there, such as the Foro and Temple of Minerva. Afterwards it became a free city-state and during the Renaissance, Assisi was ruled by many lords before becoming part of the Papal states. Besides the basilica, there are several interesting churches: the S.Rufino church, S.Damiano and the S.Chiara churches, Santa Maria degli Angeli, Eremo delle Carceri. Nearby Assisi, you can visit beautiful typical umbrian villages, such as Bevagna, Spello, Trevi, Montefalco.
Gubbio – This town is a genuine perfect example of a medieval town with Roman traces, surrounded by a wild savage nature and high mountains. Gubbio still mantains its mystic and lonely atmosphere. Its main monument is Palazzo dei Consoli, an example of the old Umbria architecture. Just outside the town there are some interesting roman ruins to be visited: the old theatre and other particular roman trails. Driving nort-east of Gubbio, in a few minutes you can find the Natural region of Montecucco.